According to the International Organization for Standardization, there are two main types of totes. As such, the following applies to this concept:
IBC totes that are defined as being rigid are typically made from fiberboard, metal, or wood. These are designed as one unit and don’t require additional assistance when filled. A composite tote is made up of a cage that is used to support and protect as weight is applied to the inner lining. In essence, both parts work together and act as a functioning single unit.
This article from Verdetrader features some of the best practices that should be done when it comes to using the composite IBC. Qualified tote suppliers can better provide you with some more assistance on which is the best for your company or personal needs. The following are some general requirements:
* If you’re planning to store products that are meant for humans, you’ll need to ensure that it’s food grade. This ensures that harmful interactions don’t occur during storage or transportation.
* When it comes to handling products with very low flashpoints, they will need to be stored in IBC totes that are explosion-protected. However, some materials will require permeation barriers so that they don’t diffuse through the lining.
* In the case of hazmat transit, the IBCs material and the compatibility of the filling material should be thoroughly tested. However, within the American and European nations, these tests are quite different. For the most part, they determine the most suitable material that can be used in your situation. Due to this, it’s best to ensure that enough time is allocated to proper testing.
Best Practices For Filling And Handling IBC Totes
To properly fill a tote, there are three things that must be done. These are as follows:
* The outlet valve should be closed.
* When filling, this should be done at atmospheric pressure keeping in mind not to exceed 70ºC/158ºF. As such, it is not recommended that you pressurize the tote.
* During the cooling phase, it is recommended that the receptacle be vented. This is done to ensure that vacuum deformation doesn’t occur. After this is completed, the cap should be screwed in tightly.
* if you’re using a forklift or pallet jack to move the totes, the forks should reach the entire length of the pallets.
* IBC totes should never be moved by tying ropes to them.
* They should be properly secured to ensure that there are no damages from movement during transit.
* Before stacking, it’s best to properly identify the plate for stack testing. This determines if the totes can be stacked or not.
* Nesting should always be taken into consideration. This should be done in a two on two arrangement.
* During transport, the stack should only be two layers high.
* If you’re emptying the tote, it should only be done through the lower outlet valve.
* To prevent a vacuum collapse, the top should be opened before emptying.
* If ever you’re emptying through a pump or pipe, it’s best to ensure that it is supported and doesn’t depend on the cage. When you use the cage to support the pipe or pump, the vibrations will damage the cage.
As we conclude, it’s a good idea to thoroughly understand that best practices are only a portion of the picture. Hence, it is recommended that you develop a relationship with the supplier. This ensures that you’re able to make guided decisions.